Miscarriage

Quite a high percentage of early pregnancies miscarry.  It can occur when you do not realize it - you may think your period was abnormally heavy. This is often nature's way of rejecting an embryo that is abnormal or malformed. Miscarriages are often known as spontaneous abortions and people in medical occupations often use…

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Infertility

Infertility unfortunately can affect many couples trying to conceive a baby.  It is the inability to conceive a child after a year or more of sexual intercourse without contraception. What to look for If after a period of unprotected intercourse, the couple cannot conceive, this is infertility. It can be because of either partner…

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Uterine Cancer

This is cancer of the uterus or the uterine linings - the endometrium. What to look for... Uterine cancer causes no symptoms at onset. They will usually become noticeable as the malignancy begins to grow. But there are some women with uterine cancer who experience no symptoms until the disease spreads to other…

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Uterine Problems

What to look for heavy irregular bleeding, with pain in the lower abdomen or back. difficulty urinating and moving bowels, incontinence, backaches. bleeding between periods. chronic, abnormal bleeding. The uterus has two parts - the body of the organ and the cervix. It is essentially a strong, hollow, pear-shaped organ which is in…

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Vaginal Problems

These are problems that occur in the vagina (a part of the female reproductive system connected to the cervix). What to look for     your vulva is swollen and itchy. you have white areas on your vulva. there is more vaginal discharge than normal, it smells, burns or itches. abnormal bleeding. The…

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Varicose Veins

These are veins that are swollen, lengthened and obvious just below the skin. What to look for prominent dark blue veins, especially in the legs and feet. your legs may ache Varicose veins are usually fairly obvious and bulge out from under your skin. They usually affect your legs. Varicose veins can be…

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Thyroid Problems

The thyroid gland is situated in the neck and can be seen or felt as the Adam's apple What to look for Hyperthyroidism: weight loss despite increased appetite. increased heart rate, higher blood pressure, and increased nervousness, with excessive perspiration. more frequent bowel movements, sometimes with diarrhoea. muscle weakness, trembling hands. development of…

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Toxic Shock Syndrome

Toxic Shock Syndrome is a sudden and dangerous condition started by the release of toxins caused by the staphylococci bacteria. What to look for high fever. low blood pressure vomiting and/or diarrhoea. a rash resembling a sunburn with peeling skin on fingers and toes. dizziness or mental confusion. It usually affects menstruating women, especially those…

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Sexually Transmitted Diseases

These are a wide range of different disease which are all acquired as a result of having sexual intercourse with a person who has already contracted the infection. What to look for     a white, yellow, green, grey, or blood-streaked discharge that may have a strong smell. genital and/or anal itching. a…

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Osteoporosis

This is a crippling disease affecting both men and women caused by a lack of calcium. What to look for The condition may cause no symptoms at all or alternatively these may occur:- backache. a gradual loss of height and a stooped back. fractures and breaks occur easily. loss of bone in the jaw.…

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Ovarian Cancer

As with most cancers, ovarian cancer rarely produces symptoms in its earliest stages, however, these warning signs eventually develop - vague digestive disturbances, such as mild indigestion, bloating, feeling of fullness, or loss of appetite. diarrhoea, constipation, or increased urination. pain or swelling in the abdomen, or pain in the lower back. vaginal bleeding between menstrual periods…

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Ovary Problems

These can be infection, cysts, lumps or cancer of the ovaries. What to look for feeling of fullness or pressure on one side of the abdomen. abdominal pain during intercourse. sharp abdominal pain. irregular vaginal bleeding or absent menstrual periods. increase in facial or body hair. irregularities in bowel movements or urination. Many small benign…

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Pain Chronic

Pain that tends to last longer than 6 months can be termed chronic. What to look for The condition may include weakness, numbness, tingling, or other sensations, along with sleeping difficulties, a lack of energy, and depression. Some common forms of chronic pain are: this type of pain can include headaches, muscle, back or…

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Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

This describes an infection in a woman's pelvic region. What to look for With acute pelvic inflammatory disease (PID): severe pain in the lower abdomen vaginal discharge fever With chronic PID: recurrent pain in the lower abdomen, backache irregular periods pain during intercourse. infertility. heavy, unpleasant-smelling vaginal discharge. If not treated promptly PID…

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Premenstrual Syndrome

This refers to a range of symptoms occurring in the lead up to their menstrual period. What to look for One or more of these symptoms may appear about a week before your period: food cravings. bloating and fluid retention. breast swelling and pain. acne. weight gain. headaches, backaches. urinary disorders. moodiness, anxiety, crying. insomnia.…

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Menopausal Problems

The time when a woman ceases to ovulate can cause some problems and some uncomfortable symptoms. What to look for hot flushes night sweats. pain during intercourse increased nervousness, anxiety, or irritability. increased need to urinate swollen ankles headaches painful intercourse Menopause refers to the time in a woman's life when she stops…

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Menstrual Problems

What to look for Menstruation occurs when an ovary releases an egg, at this time the lining of the uterus grows and becomes flooded with blood. If the egg is not fertilised, the ovary releases progesterone, which causes menstrual flow. This happens every 28 days until interrupted by pregnancy or ended by menopause.…

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Incontinence

Is the inability to control the passing of urine. What to look for inability to control urination. The condition often reflects an underlying disorder and is usually treatable, even in the elderly. Often it was thought that it was a age related condition and inevitable result of getting older. It must be treated…

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Eczema

A skin complaint characterised by redness, itch, dryness with pimples or blisters. What to look for... patches of itchy, dry, thickened skin, usually on wrists, face, and inner creases of the knees and elbows. skin sores, patches of redness, scaling, sometimes small bumps or blisters that may ooze fluid. Eczema is a form…

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Candida

A Fungal disease which affects many parts of the body, but is particularly likely to affect warm, damp areas. What to look for   Discharge itching and burning in the affected areas infection in the mouth causes small white patches on the gums, lips and inside the cheeks. These may be painful. diarrhoea…

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Cellulite

So you have done the pinch test and yes, there is no getting away from the fact that there are unwanted dimples and bulges on your legs. Cellulite is the culprit for all those lumps and dimples on our thighs, hips, stomach and butts. Well, be assured that this annoying problem is not…

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Cervical Cancer

As with most cancers, cervical cancer causes no pain or other symptoms in its early stages. The first identifiable symptoms of the disease are likely to include: watery or bloody vaginal discharge. vaginal bleeding after intercourse, between menstrual periods, or after menopause; periods may be heavier and last longer than normal. If the cancer has…

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Cervical Problems

The cervix is at the neck of the uterus (womb), is about 2.5 cm long and has a small break through it. What to look for vaginal discharge. painful intercourse. vaginal bleeding, sometimes during or after intercourse. unusually heavy menstrual periods. crampy pelvic pain or a feeling of heaviness. Many cervical problems have…

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Chlamydia

In men: a whitish yellow discharge from the penis. a frequent urge to urinate burning sensation while urinating. redness at the tip of the penis. In women:     no symptoms, or mild discomfort that you may mistake for menstrual cramps. This disease is very common throughout the world. Chlamydia can be cured…

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Cholesterol

Cholesterol is a crystalline fatty alcohol found especially in animal fats, blood and nerve tissue and bile. What to look for A high level of cholesterol in the blood does not have obvious symptoms but it can be a risk for other circulatory conditions that do have recognisable symptoms. Obesity and diabetes. impotence Cholesterol is…

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Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

This is a condition which is characterised by overwhelming fatigue. What to look for recent onset of extreme fatigue. fatigue resulting not from any type of exertion and that you cannot relieve with rest or sleep. sore muscles. long-lasting discomfort following physical exertion. sleep disorders (insomnia or oversleeping). swollen lymph glands. joint pain.…

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Depression

Depression is a state of feeling 'down' which lasts for a long but indefinite period of time What to look for For major depression, you may experience four or more of the following: persistent sadness, pessimism. feelings of guilt, worthlessness, helplessness, or hopelessness. loss of interest or enjoyment in nearly every aspect of…

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Dermatitis

Dermatitis is a red and itching inflammation of the skin What to look for Contact dermatitis (an allergic reaction) (an allergic reaction) A red rash that is restricted to the area of skin exposed to an irritant. Nummular dermatitis Red, itchy, circular lots of weeping, scaly, or encrusted skin, common in older people who…

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Diabetes

Diabetes is a condition where there is an abnormally high level of sugar in the blood. What to look for The symptoms vary depending on which type of diabetes is the cause: excessive thirst and appetite. increased urination both in the frequency and amount passed. weight loss. fatigue. nausea, perhaps vomiting. blurred vision.…

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Anorexia Nervosa

Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder which based on a terrifying fear of becoming fat. But it is far more complex than a simple desire to lose weight. What to look for significant weight loss. fear of becoming fat, even when emaciated. excessive dieting and exercising distorted body image. abnormal food preoccupations, such…

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Anxiety

Anxiety is a state of being worried about certain real or imagined events or situations. What to look for heart palpitations. tics or twitches recurring headaches or migraine indigestion and bowel irregularity sense of impending doom. inability to concentrate. muscle tension; muscle aches. diarrhoea. chest pain. dry mouth. excessive sweating. undereating or overeating. insomnia. irritability.…

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Bladder Cancer

The bladder is the hollow, muscular organ that lies in the pelvic region. It looks like an upside down pyramid. The bladder stores the urine that is produced in the kidneys. What to look for Bladder cancer may not have symptoms in the beginning, however, later on, symptoms may include: blood in the urine.…

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Bladder Infections

Bladder Infections are an inflammation of the urinary bladder which results in a prickling pain, which quickly becomes a burning, scalding sensation during urination. What to look for a burning sensation when urinating; frequent need to urinate with little result urine with a strong, foul odour and sometimes a dark brown/orange colour. in…

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Breast Cancer

As with most cancers, in the early stages, breast cancer usually has no symptoms. As a tumour spreads, you may notice the following: swelling in the armpit. breast pain or tenderness. a lump in the breast. a noticeable flattening or indentation on the breast. any change in the contour, texture, or temperature of…

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Breast problems

Breast problems can include breast pain or masses or lumps within the breast.   What to look for tenderness, pain or swelling in one or both breasts, most likely caused by premenstrual swelling. pain accompanied by redness and warmth or a discharge from the nipple; this may indicate an infection or a benign…

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