Varicose Veins

These are veins that are swollen, lengthened and obvious just below the skin. What to look for prominent dark blue veins, especially in the legs and feet. your legs may ache Varicose veins are usually fairly obvious and bulge out from under your skin. They usually affect your legs. Varicose veins can be…

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Vision Problems

What to look for   Blurred vision when you are looking at distant objects. Blurred vision when you are looking at close objects. Vertical or horizontal lines that appear blurry. Flashing-lights or spots in your eyes. problems deciphering between red and green in dim light. Difficulty distinguishing objects in dim light. (Also see Cataracts,…

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Staph Infections

Infections caused by the staphylococcus bacteria. What to look for   Swollen areas around a cut. boils or pus filled pimples around hair follicles. swollen lymph nodes. Usually infections remain in the one organ or area, but staph infections can produce disease in any part of your body. It can enter the bloodstream through…

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Stroke

A stroke can occur when the blood supply to the brain is stopped.  Knowing the signs and symptoms of stroke can help save lives. Because stroke injures the brain, people who are having a stroke may not be aware of it. People suffering from stroke have the best chance of surviving if someone…

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Osteoporosis

This is a crippling disease affecting both men and women caused by a lack of calcium. What to look for The condition may cause no symptoms at all or alternatively these may occur:- backache. a gradual loss of height and a stooped back. fractures and breaks occur easily. loss of bone in the jaw.…

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Pain Chronic

Pain that tends to last longer than 6 months can be termed chronic. What to look for The condition may include weakness, numbness, tingling, or other sensations, along with sleeping difficulties, a lack of energy, and depression. Some common forms of chronic pain are: this type of pain can include headaches, muscle, back or…

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Pancreatic Problems

These are inflammation and disorders of the pancreas What to look for For acute pancreatitis: severe pain in the stomach region 12 - 24 hours after digestion of a large meal. fever. nausea or vomiting. clammy skin. abdominal tenderness. fast pulse. For chronic pancreatitis the above symptoms plus: foul, bulky stools. The pancreas…

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Prostate Cancer

As with most cancers, early prostate cancer does not cause noticeable symptoms. If the cancer causes the prostate to swell or if the cancer spreads you will notice - a frequent need to urinate. difficulty starting or stopping the urinary stream and a burning sensation when urinating or ejaculating. a weak or interrupted…

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Prostate Problems

These include problems occurring in the prostate such as cancer, prostatitis or enlargement of the prostate. What to look for For an enlarged prostate:     difficulties in urination (including a weak or intermittent stream, getting up frequently at night, straining, dribbling, or inability to empty the bladder). For acute prostatitis: frequent, difficult…

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Macular Degeneration

What to look for dim or distorted vision, especially while reading. gradual, painless loss of precise central vision. blank spots in your central field of vision; straight lines that appear wavy. Because the symptoms usually do not appear in people under 55 years of age, the disorder is often referred to as age-related…

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Kidney Infections

Occurs when bacteria or other infectious organisms enter the kidneys and cause infection. What to look for continuous pain that usually begins in the back above the waist and spreads down into the groin. rapidly rising fever frequent urge to urinate, even though the bladder is empty. cloudy or bloody urine. severe nausea…

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Incontinence

Is the inability to control the passing of urine. What to look for inability to control urination. The condition often reflects an underlying disorder and is usually treatable, even in the elderly. Often it was thought that it was a age related condition and inevitable result of getting older. It must be treated…

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Indigestion

Indigestion is a type of pain and sick feeling after eating food. What to look for heartburn. gas or burping. abdominal pressure and flatulence. mild nausea. vomiting. We should not normally notice the digestion process. Indigestion is a term that covers a large variety of assorted stomach problems but mostly it means pain…

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Jaundice

Jaundice is a yellowing of the skin and eyes - it is not a disease but a symptom of a disorder. What to look for a yellowish or greenish tinge to the skin. yellowing of the whites of the eyes dark-coloured urine. in some cases, generalised itching. Jaundice, a yellowing of the skin…

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Gallstones

Gallstones are hard, round lumps of solid material usually composed of either cholesterol or bile. What to look for severe pain indigestion. fever. severe nausea and vomiting. jaundice. Gallstones develop in the gall bladder (a small, organ that stores bile which a digestive juice produced by the liver. The stones may be as…

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Hair Loss

What to look for in men, thinning hair on the scalp, a receding hairline. in women, thinning of hair in general, but mainly at the crown. in children or young adults, sudden loss of patches of hair; known as alopecia areata (this also can occur in adults). complete loss of all hair on the body;…

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Hearing Problems

What to look for an inability to hear or distinguish some or all sounds in one or both ears. a need to turn up the volume on the television or radio louder than other people find comfortable. Hearing problems are sometimes accompanied by dizziness, earache, discharge or bleeding from the ear, ringing noise…

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Heart Attack

A Heart Attack happens when something has blocked the flow of blood into your heart, and a part of your heart has died. What to look for a dull or heavy pain in the centre of the chest breathlessness, dizziness, nausea, chills, sweating, weak pulse. cold and clammy skin, grey pallor, a severe…

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Heart Disease

What to look for tight, suffocating chest pain, often associated with angina and heart attack. sensations of fluttering, thumping, pounding, or racing of the heart, known as palpitations. shortness of breath. fluid retention in the legs, ankles, abdomen, lungs, or heart. light headedness, weakness, dizziness, or fainting spells. Please be aware that sometimes heart disease…

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Heartburn

Heartburn is a burning sensation experienced under your breastbone after you've eaten something that may not have agreed with you. What to look for a burning feeling in the chest just behind the breastbone (the sternum) that occurs after eating and lasts a few minutes to several hours. chest pain, especially after bending…

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Hernia

This is a protrusion through a weakness in the abdominal wall. It can be either external or internal. What to look for swelling in the abdomen or groin. a heavy feeling in the abdomen that is sometimes accompanied by constipation. discomfort in the abdomen or groin when lifting or bending over. A hernia…

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Eczema

A skin complaint characterised by redness, itch, dryness with pimples or blisters. What to look for... patches of itchy, dry, thickened skin, usually on wrists, face, and inner creases of the knees and elbows. skin sores, patches of redness, scaling, sometimes small bumps or blisters that may ooze fluid. Eczema is a form…

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Emphysema

A serious lung disease where the alveoli and the narrow passages leading to these air sacs become permanently swollen with air. What to look for Typical symptoms of emphysema include: breathlessness, worsening over the years. a chronic, mild cough, sometimes accompanied by a small amount of phlegm brought on by the slightest exertion.…

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Cataracts

A cataract is the clouding of the lens in the eye. The lens is normally clear.  It is not a film over the lens. What to look for hazy vision. impaired vision at night; difficulty in discerning movements, details, or objects. blinding or uncomfortable glare from automobile headlights or bright sunlight. seeing halos…

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Cholesterol

Cholesterol is a crystalline fatty alcohol found especially in animal fats, blood and nerve tissue and bile. What to look for A high level of cholesterol in the blood does not have obvious symptoms but it can be a risk for other circulatory conditions that do have recognisable symptoms. Obesity and diabetes. impotence Cholesterol is…

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Circulatory Problems

This is problems to do with circulation. (Is the closed network of blood vessels in the body). What to look for aching legs bulging, bluish vessels in an aching leg. a painful vein. Everybody may experience circulatory problems infrequently. Many people, however, must cope with this sensation on a daily basis. This condition,…

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Conjunctivitis

Conjunctivitis is the inflammation of the conjunctival membrane (the delicate skin which covers the white of the eye underneath the eyelids. What to look for A gritty feeling in the eye, just under the eyelids Burning itchy eyes that discharge a heavy, sticky pus Tears, a swollen lymph node Redness, intense itching Eyelids…

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Constipation

Constipation refers to hard, inadequate, incomplete, or infrequent bowel movements. What to look for hard stools that are difficult or painful to pass. no bowel movements in three days for adults, four days for children. nausea, anxiety, headache and general discomfort Your food is normally passed along the intestines by muscle action called peristalsis. Constipation is…

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Corns and Callouses

A corn is a localised area of hard, horny skin which forms as a result of constant rubbing or pressure. A calluses are larger versions. What to look for Corn... an area of hard, thick skin, which may look a yellow colour Corns between the toes can be soft Callus... A callus is…

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Depression

Depression is a state of feeling 'down' which lasts for a long but indefinite period of time What to look for For major depression, you may experience four or more of the following: persistent sadness, pessimism. feelings of guilt, worthlessness, helplessness, or hopelessness. loss of interest or enjoyment in nearly every aspect of…

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Dermatitis

Dermatitis is a red and itching inflammation of the skin What to look for Contact dermatitis (an allergic reaction) (an allergic reaction) A red rash that is restricted to the area of skin exposed to an irritant. Nummular dermatitis Red, itchy, circular lots of weeping, scaly, or encrusted skin, common in older people who…

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Diabetes

Diabetes is a condition where there is an abnormally high level of sugar in the blood. What to look for The symptoms vary depending on which type of diabetes is the cause: excessive thirst and appetite. increased urination both in the frequency and amount passed. weight loss. fatigue. nausea, perhaps vomiting. blurred vision.…

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Alzheimer’s disease

Alzheimer's disease is a disorder in which there is a progressive decaying of brain tissue. It is characterised by a decline in mental and emotional capabilities. What to look for... mood changes: depression, paranoia, agitation, anxiety, selfishness, childish behaviour. disorientation, confusion, inattention, loss of memory for recent events, inability to retain new information. tendency to misplace…

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Angina

Angina can occur when the heart is not getting enough oxygen. This is usually because the blood supply to the heart is blocked or because the heart is being overworked and therefore needs more oxygen than usual. The heart can usually function normally at rest but not when physically exerted. What to look…

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Arthritis

This is an inflammation of the joints and it's causes are varied. There are two main types of arthritis - rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. What to look for Osteoarthritis - Stiffness and pain when the joint is moved after time the pain becomes continuous. The joints which bear the weight are the worst affected -…

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