Teething Problems

This is the time when teeth break through the surface of the gums in an infant. What to look for crying more than usual. dribbling increases chewing on fingers and rubbing the mouth. swollen and red gums. loose bowel movements - but should not be diarrhoea pulling on ears refusal to suck on…

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Tendonitis

What to look for painful tenderness and/or stiffness at a joint. in some cases, numbness or tingling. occasionally, mild swelling at the joint. Tendonitis is an inflammation in or around tendons, bands of strong fibrous tissue that holds muscle to bone. Tendons are strong and can usually take whatever we do to them…

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Testicular Cancer

What to look for... The earliest warning signs of testicular cancer usually include: a change in their size or shape. swelling or thickening of the testicles. a firm, smooth, painless, slow-growing lump in a testicle. a feeling of testicular heaviness. Other symptoms of testicular cancer may include: urinary problems. an abdominal mass or…

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Tetanus

This is a condition caused by bacteria usually found in the soil. What to look for If you have a cut or wound and any of these things occur - call your doctor stiffness of the neck, jaw - lock jaw, and other muscles uncontrollable spasms of the jaw and neck muscles. painful,…

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Throat Cancer

What to look for... As with most cancers, in the beginning, throat cancer does not cause any symptoms. The early warning signs are similar to the symptoms of a chest cold. Symptoms caused by a tumour in the upper or lower throat may include: nagging cough. hoarseness. persistent sore throat. difficulty swallowing. traces…

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Thyroid Problems

The thyroid gland is situated in the neck and can be seen or felt as the Adam's apple What to look for Hyperthyroidism: weight loss despite increased appetite. increased heart rate, higher blood pressure, and increased nervousness, with excessive perspiration. more frequent bowel movements, sometimes with diarrhoea. muscle weakness, trembling hands. development of…

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Tics and Twitches

These are involuntary contractions of a muscle or muscles. What to look for a brief, flicking sensation confined to a small part of the body, such as the eyelid; usually indicative of a harmless involuntary muscle contraction. a repetitive, uncontrollable, purposeless contraction of an individual muscle or group of muscles, usually in the…

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Tinnitus

Tinnitus a sensation of ringing in the ears or the head. What to look for a noise in the ears, such as ringing. It may come and go or be continuous. hearing loss occasionally. With tinnitus, the noise heard can be so soft that the person can hear it only when trying to…

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Tonsillitis

Infection of the tonsils caused by bacteria or a virus. What to look for fever. a very sore throat with red, swollen tonsils with white discharge or spots on the tonsils. swollen and tender lymph nodes in the neck under the jaw. headache. severe pain at the roof of the mouth, and difficulty swallowing. muffled…

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Toothache

What to look for soreness in teeth, gums, or jaw. Tooth decay cannot be cured but it can be controlled by looking after your teeth properly and regularly visiting your dentist. Other causes of dental pain include impacted teeth and gum disease. CAUSES The most common cause of toothache is decay. Decay is…

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Toxic Shock Syndrome

Toxic Shock Syndrome is a sudden and dangerous condition started by the release of toxins caused by the staphylococci bacteria. What to look for high fever. low blood pressure vomiting and/or diarrhoea. a rash resembling a sunburn with peeling skin on fingers and toes. dizziness or mental confusion. It usually affects menstruating women, especially those…

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Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis is a bacterial infection affecting any organ through the lymph nodes and bloodstream. What to look for a mild cough. fatigue and loss of weight. a bloody cough. fever and night sweats. pain in the chest, back, or kidneys. Tuberculosis is usually found in the lungs. The bacteria present will eat away…

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Scabies

These are tiny mites living on the skin, which feed off dead skin cells. What to look for When the female mite start to breed, the symptoms will be as follows: intensely itchy rash located between the fingers or around the wrists, elbows, navel, nipples, lower abdomen, and genitals. scabs that tend to…

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Scarlet Fever

Scarlet Fever is an infectious bacterial disease. What to look for Scarlet fever occurs most frequently in children. Its symptoms include: bright red or scarlet rash, usually beginning on the neck or chest. high fever. sore throat. tongue coated with red spots. infected tonsils vomiting. Scarlet fever is a childhood disease that was…

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Schizophrenia

This is a mental illness characterised by severe irrationality in thought and behaviour. What to look for A diagnosis of schizophrenia is considered when a person experiences at least two of the following symptoms: delusions. hallucinations. disorganised speech. irrational behaviour, rigidity, or floppiness of limbs. negative symptoms, such as inaction, silence, loss of…

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Sciatica

This condition occurs as a result of a slipped disc or other reasons What to look for pain radiating through your buttock, down the back of your thigh and leg, often to your foot. Activity may make it worse. The disc may bulge because of normal working activity or lifting, housework or washing.…

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Scoliosis

Scoliosis is an excessive backwards or sideways curvature of the spine. What to look for the entire body seems to tilt to one side. the shoulders, hips and legs appear uneven. from the front the ribs appear more prominent. Scoliosis is a progressive sideways curvature of the spine. People with scoliosis have an…

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Sexual Dysfunction

This is the inability of either or both partners to fully enjoy sexual intercourse. What to look for For men, you may have a sexual problem if you: ejaculate prematurely do not ejaculate. are unable to have sustain an erection; see Impotence. feel pain during intercourse. lack sexual desire consistently For women, you may…

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Sexually Transmitted Diseases

These are a wide range of different disease which are all acquired as a result of having sexual intercourse with a person who has already contracted the infection. What to look for     a white, yellow, green, grey, or blood-streaked discharge that may have a strong smell. genital and/or anal itching. a…

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Shin Splints

What to look for Shin splints are characterised by pain occasionally swelling anywhere in the lower leg. Usually any pain in the lower leg is referred to as shin splints. It is to do with the muscles that enable the foot to move. Injuries that result in damage to the fibres of these…

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Shingles

Shingles is a painful condition caused by the herpes zoster virus, in which a line-like rash develops around the body. What to look for slight fever, chills, upset stomach. pain and tenderness usually on one side of your face or body. tingling, itching, or prickling skin followed by an inflamed red rash. blisters. deep…

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Sickle Cell Anaemia

This condition results from abnormalities in the blood structure of certain individuals. What to look for joint pain, pain in the abdomen, or along the arms and legs. fatigue, jaundice, and rapid heartbeat. recurring infections. delayed growth and development. a painful persistent erection This disease is inherited and is quite common in African…

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Sinusitis

Sinusitis is an infection or inflammation of the sinuses. What to look for pain and pressure in the face and behind the eyes. blocked nose. post nasal drip. mucus is smelly and yellow or discoloured. toothache. The sinuses are the air-filled pockets in the bones of the face. The four pairs of sinuses…

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Skin Cancer

The general warning signs of skin cancer include: any changes in size, colour, shape, or texture of any skin growth. an open or inflamed skin wound that won't heal. Melanoma, the most dangerous type of skin cancer, may appear as: a change in an existing mole. a small, dark, multicoloured spot with jagged…

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Sneezing

This is your body's way of eliminating any irritants or toxins from the nasal passages. See also Colds and Flu entry as sneezing can itself be a symptom. People sneeze when they have a cold, to help clear the nose. They also sneeze if they are allergic to eliminate allergens from the nasal passages. An occasional sneeze…

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Snoring

This can be described as heavy breathing which sounds like snorting when asleep. What to look for Unusual breathing patterns during sleep. Snoring is usually harmless although very annoying for the person who has to hear it. It can be loud and continuous throughout the whole time a person is asleep. Or it…

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Sprains and Strains

Sprains and strains are common injuries of the ligaments and muscles. What to look for Sprains, which affect joints, and strains which affect muscles, usually occur after an accident. For a sprain: pain in the joint. swelling of a joint. difficulty moving a joint. For a strain: sharp pain at injury, followed by…

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Staph Infections

Infections caused by the staphylococcus bacteria. What to look for   Swollen areas around a cut. boils or pus filled pimples around hair follicles. swollen lymph nodes. Usually infections remain in the one organ or area, but staph infections can produce disease in any part of your body. It can enter the bloodstream through…

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Stomach Cancer

As with most cancers, stomach cancer usually does not produces any early symptoms. However, you may suffer from mild indigestion or loss of weight and appetite. Eventually the symptoms will be more noticeable. Warning signs of stomach cancer may include: indigestion, heartburn, abdominal pain, or discomfort aggravated by eating. loss of appetite and a…

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Stomach Ulcers

These are holes or loss of tissue in the lining of the stomach or the duodenum. What to look for burning upper abdominal pain. black, or bloody stools. The most common type are duodenal. The second most common are gastric ulcers, which develop in the stomach. Duodenal ulcers, whose typical symptoms are recurrent…

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Stress

Stress can be said to be our physical or emotional reactions to outside stimuli that is beyond what is normally experienced by us. What to look for Physical symptoms may include headache, fatigue, insomnia, digestive changes, neck or backache, loss of appetite, or overeating, increased use of tobacco or alcohol, tics or twitches. Psychological symptoms may include tension or anxiety, anger,…

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Stroke

A stroke can occur when the blood supply to the brain is stopped.  Knowing the signs and symptoms of stroke can help save lives. Because stroke injures the brain, people who are having a stroke may not be aware of it. People suffering from stroke have the best chance of surviving if someone…

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Sty

A sty is an acute inflammation of a gland at the base of eye. What to look for a red swelling near the edge of the eyelid. A sty is a pimple on the eyelid. It usually means the gland on the eyelid is infected. Sties are very painful but usually only last…

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Sunburn

Sunburn is the inflammation of the skin caused by excessive exposure to sunlight What to look for pink or red colour on the skin, the skin also feels tender. itchy blisters. pain and irritation of the eye associated with overexposure to ultraviolet rays from sunlight or other sources. Gone are the days when people…

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Swimmers Ear

Swimmers ear, also known as otitis externa is Inflammation of the canal between the Eardrum and the external opening of the Ear.  What to look for itching inside the ear. watery discharge from the ear. severe pain and tenderness in the ear, especially when moving your head or when gently pulling on your…

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