Common Baby Problems

These are some of the issues and problems that you can may expect to encounter with young babies. Eczema Eczema can quite often occur in babies up to about 4 months of age. It is usually milder than the type that occurs in adults. Your baby's cheeks become rough and scaly and this…

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The Birth

You will know when you are about to give birth because both you and your body will display some warning signs such as: an urge to clean up the house in readiness for the arrival of the baby. you may feel energetic and unsettled - wanting to keep on the move. you may…

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Week by Week Changes

When you become pregnant you experience many incredible changes over your pregnancy.  Here we look at week by week changes you will experience...  And developments in your womb. Week 1: Development of the Zygote Day 1.    During sexual intercourse Approx 300-500 million sperm are deposited in the female genital tract...  But only…

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Your Pregnancy (A Summary)

The First Signs A missed period The first and most obvious sign that you may be pregnant is a missed period. This however may be caused by other factors or it may simply be late. Lighter periods Some women continue to get their periods for a couple of months but they are lighter.…

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Miscarriage

Quite a high percentage of early pregnancies miscarry.  It can occur when you do not realize it - you may think your period was abnormally heavy. This is often nature's way of rejecting an embryo that is abnormal or malformed. Miscarriages are often known as spontaneous abortions and people in medical occupations often use…

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Infertility

Infertility unfortunately can affect many couples trying to conceive a baby.  It is the inability to conceive a child after a year or more of sexual intercourse without contraception. What to look for If after a period of unprotected intercourse, the couple cannot conceive, this is infertility. It can be because of either partner…

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Finding Your Due Date

280 days or 40 weeks is the usual duration of a pregnancy...  To determine you due date firstly work out the first day of your last period and count forward 9 months and 1 week from that date. To assist you we have a chart below that you can use (Scroll Down to…

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Conception

Conception is a lot more complicated than the act of joining the sperm with an egg. The timing and conditions must be right to ensure that it is successful. People naturally assume that conception will take place soon after they stop taking 'the pill' - it is a presumed natural and straightforward event.…

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Whooping Cough

This is a highly infectious bacterial disease characterised by a strange 'whoop' sound upon coughing. What to look for a runny nose, cough, mild fever and loss of appetite. conjunctivitis spasms of coughing - with the characteristic 'whoop' at the end. vomiting after coughing episodes. Whooping cough or pertussis, is a highly contagious…

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Wheezing

What to look for a whistling sound and laboured breathing. Wheezing usually occurs in hayfever sufferers, respiratory infections, bronchitis or emphysema and asthma. Less commonly people who suffer cystic fibrosis will wheeze. You should see a regular doctor if you suffer from wheezing. Causes If you are breathing through bronchial passages that are narrow or constricted due to a build up…

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Wind

Wind is a build up of excessive gas in the stomach or intestines which can cause cramps and discomfort. What to look for abdominal bloating and pain. belching. flatulence Gas is a normal part of your digestive process, however it can still be painful and embarrassing. You can usually prevent and treat gas…

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Uterine Cancer

This is cancer of the uterus or the uterine linings - the endometrium. What to look for... Uterine cancer causes no symptoms at onset. They will usually become noticeable as the malignancy begins to grow. But there are some women with uterine cancer who experience no symptoms until the disease spreads to other…

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Uterine Problems

What to look for heavy irregular bleeding, with pain in the lower abdomen or back. difficulty urinating and moving bowels, incontinence, backaches. bleeding between periods. chronic, abnormal bleeding. The uterus has two parts - the body of the organ and the cervix. It is essentially a strong, hollow, pear-shaped organ which is in…

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Vaginal Problems

These are problems that occur in the vagina (a part of the female reproductive system connected to the cervix). What to look for     your vulva is swollen and itchy. you have white areas on your vulva. there is more vaginal discharge than normal, it smells, burns or itches. abnormal bleeding. The…

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Varicose Veins

These are veins that are swollen, lengthened and obvious just below the skin. What to look for prominent dark blue veins, especially in the legs and feet. your legs may ache Varicose veins are usually fairly obvious and bulge out from under your skin. They usually affect your legs. Varicose veins can be…

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Vision Problems

What to look for   Blurred vision when you are looking at distant objects. Blurred vision when you are looking at close objects. Vertical or horizontal lines that appear blurry. Flashing-lights or spots in your eyes. problems deciphering between red and green in dim light. Difficulty distinguishing objects in dim light. (Also see Cataracts,…

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Vitiligo

This is an unappealing yet harmless skin disorder characterised by white patches of skin that have seemingly lost their ability to produce the normal colour of the skin. What to look for White patches of skin usually on exposed areas of the body- can occur symmetrically. Hair may go grey in patches. Usually…

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Teething Problems

This is the time when teeth break through the surface of the gums in an infant. What to look for crying more than usual. dribbling increases chewing on fingers and rubbing the mouth. swollen and red gums. loose bowel movements - but should not be diarrhoea pulling on ears refusal to suck on…

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Tendonitis

What to look for painful tenderness and/or stiffness at a joint. in some cases, numbness or tingling. occasionally, mild swelling at the joint. Tendonitis is an inflammation in or around tendons, bands of strong fibrous tissue that holds muscle to bone. Tendons are strong and can usually take whatever we do to them…

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Testicular Cancer

What to look for... The earliest warning signs of testicular cancer usually include: a change in their size or shape. swelling or thickening of the testicles. a firm, smooth, painless, slow-growing lump in a testicle. a feeling of testicular heaviness. Other symptoms of testicular cancer may include: urinary problems. an abdominal mass or…

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Tetanus

This is a condition caused by bacteria usually found in the soil. What to look for If you have a cut or wound and any of these things occur - call your doctor stiffness of the neck, jaw - lock jaw, and other muscles uncontrollable spasms of the jaw and neck muscles. painful,…

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Throat Cancer

What to look for... As with most cancers, in the beginning, throat cancer does not cause any symptoms. The early warning signs are similar to the symptoms of a chest cold. Symptoms caused by a tumour in the upper or lower throat may include: nagging cough. hoarseness. persistent sore throat. difficulty swallowing. traces…

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Thyroid Problems

The thyroid gland is situated in the neck and can be seen or felt as the Adam's apple What to look for Hyperthyroidism: weight loss despite increased appetite. increased heart rate, higher blood pressure, and increased nervousness, with excessive perspiration. more frequent bowel movements, sometimes with diarrhoea. muscle weakness, trembling hands. development of…

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Tics and Twitches

These are involuntary contractions of a muscle or muscles. What to look for a brief, flicking sensation confined to a small part of the body, such as the eyelid; usually indicative of a harmless involuntary muscle contraction. a repetitive, uncontrollable, purposeless contraction of an individual muscle or group of muscles, usually in the…

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Tinnitus

Tinnitus a sensation of ringing in the ears or the head. What to look for a noise in the ears, such as ringing. It may come and go or be continuous. hearing loss occasionally. With tinnitus, the noise heard can be so soft that the person can hear it only when trying to…

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Tonsillitis

Infection of the tonsils caused by bacteria or a virus. What to look for fever. a very sore throat with red, swollen tonsils with white discharge or spots on the tonsils. swollen and tender lymph nodes in the neck under the jaw. headache. severe pain at the roof of the mouth, and difficulty swallowing. muffled…

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Toothache

What to look for soreness in teeth, gums, or jaw. Tooth decay cannot be cured but it can be controlled by looking after your teeth properly and regularly visiting your dentist. Other causes of dental pain include impacted teeth and gum disease. CAUSES The most common cause of toothache is decay. Decay is…

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Toxic Shock Syndrome

Toxic Shock Syndrome is a sudden and dangerous condition started by the release of toxins caused by the staphylococci bacteria. What to look for high fever. low blood pressure vomiting and/or diarrhoea. a rash resembling a sunburn with peeling skin on fingers and toes. dizziness or mental confusion. It usually affects menstruating women, especially those…

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Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis is a bacterial infection affecting any organ through the lymph nodes and bloodstream. What to look for a mild cough. fatigue and loss of weight. a bloody cough. fever and night sweats. pain in the chest, back, or kidneys. Tuberculosis is usually found in the lungs. The bacteria present will eat away…

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Scabies

These are tiny mites living on the skin, which feed off dead skin cells. What to look for When the female mite start to breed, the symptoms will be as follows: intensely itchy rash located between the fingers or around the wrists, elbows, navel, nipples, lower abdomen, and genitals. scabs that tend to…

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Scarlet Fever

Scarlet Fever is an infectious bacterial disease. What to look for Scarlet fever occurs most frequently in children. Its symptoms include: bright red or scarlet rash, usually beginning on the neck or chest. high fever. sore throat. tongue coated with red spots. infected tonsils vomiting. Scarlet fever is a childhood disease that was…

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Schizophrenia

This is a mental illness characterised by severe irrationality in thought and behaviour. What to look for A diagnosis of schizophrenia is considered when a person experiences at least two of the following symptoms: delusions. hallucinations. disorganised speech. irrational behaviour, rigidity, or floppiness of limbs. negative symptoms, such as inaction, silence, loss of…

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Sciatica

This condition occurs as a result of a slipped disc or other reasons What to look for pain radiating through your buttock, down the back of your thigh and leg, often to your foot. Activity may make it worse. The disc may bulge because of normal working activity or lifting, housework or washing.…

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Scoliosis

Scoliosis is an excessive backwards or sideways curvature of the spine. What to look for the entire body seems to tilt to one side. the shoulders, hips and legs appear uneven. from the front the ribs appear more prominent. Scoliosis is a progressive sideways curvature of the spine. People with scoliosis have an…

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